Thursday, June 9, 2011

#DFIRSummit - Afterthoughts, Part 2

Okay, so now we're on to the "real" content. First let me start off by addressing something I overlooked last night. Congratulations go to Eric Huber and his AFoD blog for winning the Forensic 4cast award for "Best Digital Forensic Blog." I know Eric did not anticipate winning, but he did, and deserves it! I must also say that I was sadly disappointed that log2timeline did not win the "Best Computer Forensic Software" category. I'm not the only one; there was a lot of discussion to that effect at the Summit. It seems that Guidance Software had an active internal campaign that paid off more than anything we did for Kristinn. General consensus from the Summit seems to be that l2t was the winner anyway. That's right!

I'm basically going to run through each presentation in order and give a couple tidbits. Any more than that and I'll be here all night! So without further ado...

Day 1

Andrew Hay - 5 Point Palm Exploding Heart Technique for Forensics
This was supposed to be Mike Cloppert's slot, but he was tied up (not literally).
The 5 Points:
Host/Platform forensics
Network forensics
Data Reduction
The overall idea is that you need to try to combine or integrate the various segments into one for more effective/comprehensive investigations, since host-based can no longer really be the primary focus.

Chris Pogue - Sniper Forensics 2.0
DF is constantly changing. We have to be agile & adapt
DF is the most challenging forensics discipline because of the changes
The software tools you use in an investigation don't matter - your brain is your best tool.
You have to have a plan - this is *key* (and your steps should be consistent)
CLI is your friend. Yay, Chris! :)

Sean Morrissey - iOS Forensics
I have used Lantern and tend to prefer it over Mobilyze. However, I really would have liked more info about "iOS Forensics" (ie, important artifacts and how to use them) than a presentation about Lantern.
Putting an iPhone in airplane mode does not disable WiFi. So if you are acquiring one, remove the SIM, put in AM, disable WiFi & bluetooth, and use a Faraday bag if need be.
To recover/carve deleted entries from SQLite db, look for "de-referenced" items.

NetWitness Lunch&Learn (I think the presenter was Michael Sconzo, from their CIRT)
It was technical, not a sales pitch, and very much about results of network investigation for malware, as opposed to what NetWitness can do.
The main idea was to know what "good" or "benign" http sessions look like so you can quickly recognize anomalies. I think he actually mentioned something about reading RFC 2616; I don't remember anything after that point... Just kidding; it was very informative.

Hal Pomeranz - EXT3 File Recovery via Indirect Blocks
What can I say - you give Hal a command line, a hex editer, a Linux file system, and he just starts dancing!
File-carving assumes 100% contiguous data...
Indirect block pointers are not nulled out when a file is deleted (unlike direct pointers).
When decoded, they will point to the next block #.
Hal has some tools to automate the process of recovery, rather than manually follow the indirect pointers; it basically runs on top of TSK and calls those utilities as it needs:
frib (file recovery indirect blocks) - this works if you know where the file started, and can progress forward from there.
fib (find indirect block) - finds indirect block (by signature, within the block grouping you're targeting), then counts back 12 blocks to what should be the start of the file.
He has a whitepaper and the tools on Mandiant's blog

RMO's were handed out by Rob Lee, to:
David Kovar - for AnalyzeMFT
Bamm Vischer - for sguil
Congratulations, guys!

Terry Maguire - IR Process & Smart Phones
As these phones become more common in the enterprise, we have to know how to handle them.
**Note: both android and iOS use a lot of SQLite db files.
-sqlite browser (sourceforge) is good, but no deleted entries will show
-epilog by CCL Forensics is designed to show deleted entries (not free, commercial product)
Android must be rooted to get access to any real information. This requires modifying the phone, if if you use something z4root that can be undone with the click of a button.
In order to get volatile data from iPhone, it will have to be jailbroken.
Blackberry cannot be imaged like other devices; removing & imaging chips might be possible. Blackberry file system can be mounted either through desktop manager or javaloader, but be careful; it's easy to destroy data! Blackberry Messenger SMS are not contained in IPD files; they can only be collected from mounted file system.
ABC Amber Blackberry Converter is now Backup Blackberry Explore by Elcomsoft.

Mike Cloppert - Distinguishing IR from Computer Network Defense
He's in Andrew Hay's original slot.
APT & such are much more advanced than the traditional IR models developed a decade ago:
Highly aware (situational awareness)
Lots of tools
There may be multiple adversaries/attack vectors simultaneously or near-simultaneously.
Campaigns (by adversaries) may span several years.
The conventional IR model is based on the presumption of a successful compromise. If it's an "imminent threat" the model doesn't fit. The model is reactive, not proactive. Needs to be more proactive.
Have a monthly overview of reporting to help determine where to focus preventive efforts.

Day 2

Kristinn Gudjonsson - log2timeline
version 0.60 - the "killer dwarf" release - now works on Windows; instructions on how to install in docs/install (Chris Pogue created/tested documentation).
Rewritten engine, work is done on back-end.
It is more object-oriented, and has preprocessing modules.
With the front-end not doing processing, you can easily build your own, for integration into your own processes, customize default action, etc.
It now has a Skype parser. It includes code from regripper and regtime to automatically pull in all the registry data. And (drumroll, please) David Kovar's AnalyzeMFT has been imported as well, to parse the MFT. Of course, that means it had to go from python to perl, but we won't get into that.

Mike Pilkington - Protecting Privileged Domain Accounts during Live Response!
Mission: remote access to WinXP (SP2) workstation (no patches) for analysis/triage
You don't want attackers who may be present to capture privileged credentials.
Do not use any type of interactive logon as this will cause a password hash to be stored locally. Running psexec creates a vulnerability for delegate-level access token theft. Don't set IR accounts as admin accounts; put them into different groupings and give those elevated privileges only as needed.

Panel: Professional Development in Digital Forensics and Incident Response
Lenny Zeltser, Richard Bejtlich, Ken Dunham, Joe Garcia, Bamm Visscher
Everyone had pre-formatted questions they spoke about, then it was open to questions from the audience. I will touch on one, for Richard: How do I build a computer incident response team? I thought the absolute key to it was his statement that you have to keep the groups tightly-knit and give the analysts what they need to do their jobs - training, equipment, etc. The best part was that he said you have to protect them fiercely. That's leadership! He had a blog post about this recently; it's obviously important to him.

Lee Whitfield - Digital Forensics and Flux Capacitors
Looking at reasons/ways people try to get out of trouble with their computers
Focus: Time/system clock alteration (as an excuse)
Top places to check at start of investigation
system event logs (except on XP, where it's not as important)
LNK files
Restore Points
Who is @gingerlover_17 Lee? ;)

Hal Pomeranz - EXT4: Bit by Bit
Changes in EXT4
48-bit address space
Uses extents instead of indirect block chains
64-bit nanoseconde resolution timestamps
File creation time timestamp (born, or b-time)
Backwards compatibility design goal
Inodes expanded to 256 (from 128)
Most of offsets listed in carrier's book still apply to ext4
Hal dove right in with his hex editor, heads exploded, Hal danced, twitter was on fire, etc. It was a very good presentation!

Panel: Forensics in the New Cloud Frontier
Andrew Hay, Cory Altheide, Joe Garcia, Robert Lee, Ed Skoudis
The questions were sprung on the panelists w/o preparation. Wow.
Here's my take: The cloud is here. It's not leaving. You need to know what kind of alerts your cloud provides (to indicate compromise/issue, like gmail's alerts to different locations accessing your account). Distributed processing is going to be key to future analysis (think multi-GB log files). Make sure your cloud provides you with auditing capabilities, as logs are going to be the target of your analysis. Look at the kind of data you've needed from recent incidents, and see if you can get that from your cloud.
Then it was opened up to the audience's questions, including:

#dfirsummit Q for panel: Would you get a 4Cast award for staying within a reasonable budget while proactively responding using sniper forensics, five point palm methodology and log2timeline to analyze a mobile device running ext4 whose clock was reset using false domain credentials through the cloud?

Does that question not totally sum it up?

Oh, there was one more panel, the vendor panel. I had to leave right before that, so that's where my summary falls short. However, I think the last question for the previous panel is the best place to end...


1 comment:

  1. I know that Eric anticipated victory, but he did and deserves it! I must also say that I was sadly disappointed that log2timeline won 'best computer forensics software "category.

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